Blackjack Terminology

Blackjack Terminology

Action: This is a general gambling term which refers to the total amount of money bet in a specific period of time. Ten bets of ten dollars each is $100 of action.

Burn Card: A single card taken from the top of the deck or the first card in a shoe which the dealer slides across the table from his/her left o the right, and is placed into the discard tray. The card may or may not be shown face up (which can affect the count if you are counting cards). A card is burned after each shuffle.

Cut Card: A solid colored card typically a piece of plastic which is given to a player by the dealer for the purpose of cutting the deck(s) after a shuffle.

Hole Card: Any face down card. The definition most often refers to the dealer’s single face down card.

Shoe: A device that can hold up to eight decks of cards which allows the dealer to slide out the cards one at a time.

Hard Hand: A hand in which any Ace is counted as a 1 and not as an 11.

Soft Hand: A hand in which any Ace is counted as an 11 and not as a 1.

Pat Hand: A hand with a total of 17 to 21.

Stand: To decline another card.

Hit: To request another card.
Bust: When a hand’s value exceeds 21… a losing hand.

Push: A player-dealer tie.

Pair: When a player’s first two cards are numerically identical (i.e., 7,7).

Point Count: The net value of the card count at the end of a hand.

Running Count: The count from the beginning of the deck or shoe. The running count is updated by the value of the point count after each hand.

True Count: The running count adjusted to account for the number of cards left in the deck or shoe to be played.

Bankroll: The stake (available money) a player plans to bet with.

Flat Bet: A bet which you do not vary i.e., if you are flat betting ten dollars, you are betting $10 each and every hand without changing the betting amount from one hand to the next.

Black Chip: A $100 chip.

Green Chip: A $25 chip.

Red Chip:A $5 chip.

Foreign Chip: A chip that is issued by one casino and is honored by another as cash. A casino is not necessarily obligated to accept them.

Settlement: The resolving of the bet. Either the dealer takes your chips, pays you, or in the case of a push, no exchange of chips occurs.

Toke: To “toke” the dealer is just another word for

Marker: An IOU. A line of credit provided by the casino to a player.

Junket: An organized group of gamblers that travel to a casino together. Junkets are usually subsidized by a casino to attract players.

Comp: Short for complimentary. If you wave lots of money around, the casino may give you things like a free room or free food, hoping you’ll keep losing money at the tables in their casino.

Heat: The pressure a casino puts on a winning player, typically someone who is suspected of being a card counter.

Shuffle Up: Prematurely shuffling the cards to harass a player who is usually suspected of being a

Nut: The overhead costs of running the casino.
Pit: The area inside a group of gaming tables. The tables are arranged in an elliptical manner, the space

House: The Casino of course.
Cage: Short for cashier’s cage. This is where chips are redeemed for cash, checks cashed, credit arranged, etc.

House Percentage: The casino’s advantage in a

Drop Percentage: That portion of the player’s money that the casino will win because of the house percentage. It is a measure of the amount of a player’s initial stake that he or she will eventually lose. On average this number is around 20 percent. That is sbobet wap indonesia, on average, Joe Gambler will lose $20 of every $100 he begins with.

Head-On: To play alone at a Blackjack table with the dealer.

WAG Player: Wild Assed Guessing player.

SWAG Player: Scientific Wild Assed Guessing

Tough Player: a player who can hurt the casino monetarily with his or her intelligent play.

Counter: Someone who counts cards.

High Roller: A big bettor.

Mechanic: A manipulator of the cards, typically for illicit purposes.

Shill: A house employee who bets money and pretends to be a player to attract customers. Shills typically follow the same rules as the dealer which makes them somewhat easy to spot (i.e., they don’t Double Down or Split).

Pit Boss: An employee of the casino whose job is to supervise Blackjack players, dealers, and other floor personnel.

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Blackjack Card Counting System

Blackjack Card Counting System

The counting of card is a very much well defined procedure where a player keeps track of the cards. This dose means that the player keep a track of which is been dealt and already out of the deck. Keeping track of cards help him to take more accurate strategic playing decisions while in game. There are couple of misconception around the market for quite some time, we would take the opportunity to dispel those.

Card counting procedure dose not enable a person to develop his sixth sense to predict the next card which is going to be out of the deck. What Card counting will do is give you a good indication of whether a deck is favorable or unfavorable and the extent of this favorableness or un-favorableness.

The procedure of card counting dose not involves memorizing every card which is out of the deck. When you count cards, you are not keeping track of individual cards. All you are doing is keeping a relative score of high value cards (10’s and Ace’s) to low cards (2, 3, 4, 5 and 6).

Card Counting: Basic Premise

The entire game of Blackjack revolves around 10-value cards (10’s and Face Cards) and Ace’s. The simple reason behind this is if we combined they are the most plentiful card in the deck. The basic principal involved in blackjack is the decks which is rich in 10-vlaue cads are of more valued for the player and decks short in 10-vlaue cards are beneficial for the casino.

The question arise that why the decks which are rich in 10-vlaue cards are are beneficial for the player? There are three main reasons:
If more 10-value cards remain in the deck then the probability of drawing a blackjack (A 10 value card and an Ace) is maximized. The person who is dealer has the same maximized chances of getting a blackjack under such conditions and thus will get more blackjack also. Unless you have a blackjack it is also true that if the dealer draws a blackjack you will loose your entire bet. When you draw a Blackjack, however, you will not only win your entire bet, but you will also win 50% more. Remember, Blackjack pays 3-2. You will therefore win, not 100% of your bet, but 150% of your bet. Therefore, although both the odds of you and the dealer drawing a Blackjack increase during favorable conditions, you will win 150% of your bet when you draw the Blackjack while the dealer will only take 100% of your bet when he draws a Blackjack. So under these favorable conditions we hope you will be more then happy to trade a blackjack with the dealer.

If the dealer has 16 or less he must draw, this is compulsory. He has no other options M88 Sport. He runs a greater risk of busting when the deck is favorable. The player on the contrary can alter his strategy to take advantage of the favorable conditions. You don’t have to take a card when the odds of busting are great because of a favorable deck.

Doubling Down: You have the option of doubling your wager. During favorable conditions, this can be an extremely valuable.

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Blackjack Betting System

Blackjack Betting System

Basically there are three kinds of betting system.

The Martingale System

This is about 200 year old system, invented in late 17th century, this system instructs the player to double his or her bet each time he losses, this system is based on the assumption that the person will eventually win and he will recover his profit from the initial wagers.

With a beginning wager of $5.00 you would double your wager with each loss. IE: $5, $10, $20, $40 $80, etc. After a win your wager would drop back to $5.00. All wagers are recovered when you win a hand.

The casino table tends to impose limits to this system to eliminate the effectiveness. The simple reason as to why the limits imposition is done is because that after a long losing streak you will eventually hit the table maximum, this defeats the purpose of this system. This system also needs a considerable amount of bankroll to work.

If you started with a $5 dollar wager and lost your first four wagers and won your fifth, (without double downs or splitting your cards) you would be a measly 5 dollars ahead. This is simply not worth it, and if you are losing multiple hands in a row it is time to leave the table, not double your wagers. Also, losing double downs or splits can deplete your bankroll in a big hurry.

Progressive Betting System – 2 Level

This is one on the most simplest and widely used betting methodologies. This bet limit is decided in two tiers, the minimum and the maximum. With every loss the smaller amount is been betted and with every win the maximum is been placed. For example, say you set your minimum bet at $10 and your maximum at $50.

Start with a $10 dollar bet. If you win that hand you bet $50 your next wager. You then continue to bet $50 until you lose. After any loss you return to your minimum bet of $10. This is a basic, put solid progressive betting system.

Progressive Betting System – 5 Level

Here the bet amount is leveled in 5 slabs. This makes the progression count simpler and easy to understand.

This is another simple, yet effective system, based on a 1,2,3,5 back to 1 progression. Example: For a $5 player, the betting levels would be $5,10,15, and 25. With this system you start with your $5 bet and progress to the next level when you win a hand.

If you lose a hand you drop back down to your original $5 wager. If you win four hands in a row you should then drop back down to your original $5 wager, hence the 1,2,3,5 back to 1 progression.

Lets say you lose your first three hands and then win your next three. Assuming a starting wager of $5 you would be ahead $15 at the end of six hands. If you were betting an equal amount on each had you would be even agen bola sbobet. This system is rewarding when you experience winning streaks but still doesn’t kill you with losing streaks.

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Blackjack Strategy

Blackjack Strategy

Play blackjack with a simple basic strategy

In blackjack the strategies are the simple set of rules which tells you and any other player the correct way to play your hand. The basic strategy tell your when to hit, stand and double by taking into account only two factors.
1) Your cards
2) Dealer’s upcard
The basic strategy makes you to optimize your play such that you win more often then you loose.

Blackjack Strategy

The following terms are useful when learning basic blackjack strategy:

HARD HANDS: all hands not containing an Ace.
SOFT HANDS: all hands containing an Ace coupled with a 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9.
PAIRS: all hands that contain a pair of cards with the same value. A simplified approach to basic blackjack strategy is as follows:

If you have a 9 or lower, hit.
If you have 10 or 11, double down if your total is more than the dealer’s upcard; hit otherwise.
If you have 12 through 16, hit when the dealer’s upcard is 7 or higher; stand otherwise.
If you have 17 or higher, stand.

If you have 13 through 18, double down when the dealer’s upcard is 5 or 6.
If you have 17 or lower, hit.
If you have 18, hit when dealer’s upcard is 6 or less; stand when dealer’s upcard is 7 or more.
If you have 19 or higher, stand.

Always split a pair of 8’s or Aces.
Never split 10’s, 4’s, or 5’s.
Split all other pairs when dealer’s upcard is 6 or less.

Insurance is NOT recommended!

Splitting pairs: If your two cards are the same value, you can ‘split’ them into two separate hands. The catch is that you also have to make two bets (one for each of the hands you now hold). Each split pair can be split again, for a total of four hands. If you split on an ace, you can only take one hit, but for all other cards you can take as many hits as you want.

Doubling down: When your total is 10 or 11 (after being dealt your first two cards) you can choose to ‘double down’. This is starting a second bet (up to the same amount as your original wager).

When doubling, you can only take one hit. (It is dangerous to split two fives – you are replacing a hand that is potentially excellent for drawing on or doubling down on, by what will probably be two poor hands.)

Insurance: If the dealer’s face-up card is an ace, you can make a side liga sbobet. You can wager up to half your original bet that the facedown card is worth 10 or more (i.e. a picture card or a 10).

If you are correct, and the dealer has a Blackjack, the player wins the side bet (the insurance bet) but loses the original bet. Therefore the player feels no net loss or gain. If it’s not a face card or a 10, you lose the side bet or ‘insurance’.

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Rules of Blackjack

Rules of Blackjack

As far as the rules are concern they are not fixed, they vary from casino to casino and area to area. For example, a casino in downtown Vegas may have different rules than one of the Vegas Strip casinos which may have different rules from a casino up in Reno or Tahoe. As in same manner rules in a casino in Freeport Bahamas may differ from those in Atlantic City. So it is very important to know and learn the rules of a particular area and the casino before you set to play the game.

To set a blackjack table all you need is one dealer and one to seven players. The first seat on the dealer’s left is referred to as First Base, the first seat on the dealer’s right is referred to as Third Base. A printed betting square is felt on the table in front of each players seat. The chip tray is placed immediately in front of the dealer. On the dealer’s left is the deck or shoe and beside that should be the minimum bet sign, which you ought to read before sitting down to play.

On the dealer’s immediate right is the money drop slot where all currency and tips (chips) are deposited. Next to the drop slot is the discard tray. Play begins after the following ritual is completed: the dealer shuffles the cards, the deck is “cut” by a player using the marker card, and the dealer “burns” a card. Before any cards are dealt, the players may make a wager by placing the desired chips (value and number) into the betting box.

For various reasons the player may occasionally sit out a hand or two, no problem for that. Even it is a good strategy to sit out for few deals when dealer become lucky and every one is loosing badly Agen Bola Sbobet. It may so happen that you can ask to leave the table until you are prepare to play again if you are sitting ideal for quite a few hands and good number of people are waiting to play at your table.

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History of Blackjack

History of Blackjack

The game of blackjack is originated from French casinos in around 1700 where it was called as “vingt-et-un” (“twenty-and-one”). The origin of this game in US can be traced since 1800. The name Blackjack is given to this game because if the player got a Jack of Spades and an Ace of Spades as the first two cards (Spade being the color black of course), the player was additionally remunerated.

The explanation goes like this, if a particular player have a Jack of Spades and an Ace of Spades as the first two cards, then the player is paid out extra money. So as the Spades is black and the Jack is a important most card this coins the name BlackJack!!

Gambling and casino was made illegal in west from 1850 to 1910. In this period Nevada made it a crime to operate a gambling game, but in early 1931, through a re-legalization, Nevada allowed casino gambling. Now Blackjack became on of the primary games of chance offered t gamblers. In 1978 casino gambling was made legal in Atlantic City of New Jersey.

Roger Baldwin published a paper in the Journal of American Statistical Association titled “The Optimum Strategy in BlackJack“, this is the first recognized effort to apply mathematics in Blackjack in 1956. This paper became very popular. Much further work has been done in this area. Professor Edward O. Thorp in 1962 basic strategy and developed the first card counting techniques. He published his results in a book that became so popular that for a week in 1963 it was on the New York Times best-seller list “Beat the Dealer”.

As this book became much popular the casinos reacted promptly, they quickly changed the rules of the game which gave them even a greater advantage then they have ever enjoyed. This situation was unpredictable and was unwanted to the gamblers, they refused to play the game with the biased rules. The casinos responded by getting back to the old set of rules.

Next few year were quite happening. Many books with more systems devoted to winning blackjack were published. Some of them even proposed to provide enough information to allow the reader to live off the profits of their efforts, such publications like Lawrence Revere’s “Playing Blackjack As A Business” and Stanley Roberts’ also helped to share the wealth with his winning systems in his book “Winning Blackjack”. Soon blackjack began to compete with craps as the most popular casino game in the state of Nevada.

With inception of computer in this field, now it was possible to perform million of hands blackjack simulations, this allowed the players to produce sophisticated game strategies and many scientists, mathematicians, university professors, and other intellectuals began writing books on the game. Now it was a real threat to the casinos, because they were afraid of the latest technologies like computer simulation and the books, this was a potential threat to there margin of profit. To counteract this computer simulated strategies the casinos has now introduced multiple deck games rather then single deck game in 1970.

A living legend of the period indeed worth mentioning was Ken Uston, who used five computers that were built into the shoes of members of his playing team in 1977. The gamblers won over a hundred thousand dollars in a very short time, but one of the computers was confiscated and sent to the FBI. The FBI experts concluded that the computer used public information on BlackJack playing and was not a cheating device sbobet casino asia. As a result of his astounding success, Uston was barred from at least seven of the major Las Vegas casinos and sued them for violating his civil rights. He was found dead in a rented apartment in Paris in 1987, the cause of death remaining undetermined.

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